The national curriculum sets out the programmes of study and attainment targets for all subjects at all 4 key stages.

All local-authority-maintained schools in England must teach these programmes of study.

The majority of this national curriculum was introduced in September 2014, with English and maths coming into force for all year groups from September 2016.

English Maths Science
Phonic knowledge (sounds). How to count, read and write numbers to 100 in numerals; and how to count in multiples of 2s, 5s and 10s. Seasonal changes.
Letter sound correspondences. How to read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (−) and equals (=) signs. Everyday materials, different objects and the materials (e.g. wood, plastic, glass, metal, water, and rock) from which they are made.
Common exception words. How to add and subtract one-digit and two-digit numbers to 20. Animals – including fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals and humans. The names of a variety of common animals that are carnivores, herbivores and omnivores.
Familiarity of poems & stories. How to solve one-step problems involving multiplication and division using pictures and other visual aids. How to identify the basic parts of the human body and say which part of the body is associated with each sense.
Prefixes (e.g. ‘un’) and suffixes (e.g. ‘s’ and ‘ing’). How to recognise and name common 2-D and 3-D shapes, and the difference between a half and a quarter. Plants – how to identify and describe the basic structure of a variety of common flowering plants, including trees.
Joining words and capital letters. How to tell the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times. How to ask simple questions and recognise that they can be answered in different ways.


The English Baccalaureate (EBacc)

In addition to the compulsory core subjects at GCSE, students in most schools are encouraged to also study a language and either History or Geography as part of the English Baccalaureate (EBacc).

The EBacc is a performance measure for schools, awarded when students score a grade 4 or above at GCSE level across a core of 5 academic subjects – English, Maths, Science, History or Geography and a language.

The EBacc is not a qualification in itself but it is looked upon highly by sixth forms, colleges and universities as getting the EBacc shows a student has had a well-rounded education. The knowledge and skills learnt through studying all EBacc subjects are considered essential to many degrees and opens up a lot of doors.

A study by the Institute of Education shows that studying the EBacc subjects provides students with more opportunities in further education and increases the likelihood that they will stay on in full-time education.